A funding crisis and increased demand for care means general practice as patients know it in the UK is “under severe threat of extinction”, the head of the Royal College of GPs has warned.
The royal college’s president, Dr Maureen Baker, said failing to properly fund GP surgeries could have an impact on the sustainability of the NHS.
Some practices were already closing due to lack of staff, she said.
The Department of Health said it recognised the “vital” job GPs do.
While general practice deals with 90% of patient contact, it only receives 8.39% of the overall NHS budget, the RCGP said.
Dr Baker urged governments in London, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Belfast to take action to address the “huge and historic imbalance in funding”.
“General practice as we know it is now under severe threat of extinction,” said Dr Baker. “It is imploding faster than people realise and patients are already bearing the brunt of the problem.”
She said: “For generations, GPs have been the bedrock of the NHS and provided excellent care for patients.
“But we can no longer guarantee a future for general practice as our patients know it, rely on it – and love it.
“GPs are doing all they can but we are being seriously crippled by a toxic mix of increasing workloads and ever-dwindling budgets, which is leaving patients waiting too long for an appointment and not receiving the time or attention they need and that GPs want to give them.”
Funding for GPs is vital to protect the future of the NHS as a whole, Dr Baker said.
“Cutting funding to the bone is a false economy – by investing in general practice, we are shoring up the rest of the NHS from collapse,” she added.
“We are fiddling while Rome burns and the four governments of the UK must wake up to the critical state that general practice is now in.”
If there is not sufficient funding in the 2014/15 budget rounds, the RCGP has “grave concerns for the sustainability of the NHS”, according to its president.
The royal college says that funding for general practice in England has fallen by £400m in real terms over the past three years.
In October, it published a report saying that £8.5bn had been invested in 2012-13, compared with £8.3bn in 2009-10, which is the equivalent of £8.9bn in 2012-13 prices.
And in November, it published figures with the National Association for Patient Participation showing GP funding across the UK at a nine-year low.
Between 2004-05 and 2011-12, the proportion of the NHS budget spent on general practice had fallen from 9.47% to 7.78% in Scotland and from 8.58% to 7.77% in Wales, it said.
In Northern Ireland, the figure dropped from 8.22% in 2010-11 to 8.1% in 2011-12.
Dr Baker told BBC Radio 5 live that while budgets had dwindled over the past three years, demand for GP services was increasing – from 300 million consultations in 2008 to 340 million in 2012.
She warned that “in some areas, we believe that some practices are already shutting down”.
She welcomed government moves to train more medical staff, but called for immediate action “to shore up the service in the next few years, until these new doctors, nurses and support staff come on stream”.